Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Poverty and women

Poverty is the sum total of a diversity of issues that consist of not just income and Calorie ingestion but also access to land and credit, nutrition, health and longevity, literacy And education and safe drinking water, sanitation and other infrastructural conveniences. The excessively high frequency of constant poverty amongst historically marginalised groups such as scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, the elderly, women and the disabled is increasing day by day . The numerous deficiencies experienced by these groups make it harder for them to escape from poverty. The “feminization of poverty” is a fact that is sadly on the increase. Normally, women are increasingly the ones who undergo the most poverty. At the same time women manufacture 75 to 90 percent of food crops in the world and they are responsible for the administration of households. According to the United Nations, in no country in the world do men come somewhere close to women in the amount of time used up in housework.

It is a truth that Worldwide, women are impoverished. In India also feminisation of poverty exists but it is not only peculiar to India. India still has the world’s largest number of poor people in a single country. Of its nearly 1 billion inhabitants, an estimated 350-400 million are below the poverty line, 75 per cent of them in the rural areas. India has made strides toward bridging the gender gap, however still has a long way to go before women can take manage of their own lives. A huge sector of India’s population lives in poverty, and women are the poorest of the poor.

It is vital that all policies and “poverty lessening” measures have a well-built gender focus so that the feminization of poverty is not institutionalized .A message of concern is necessary at this point. Femininity as a terminology is being included loosely into all development words, with little concentration to the detailing of measures that would ensure gender sensitivity in planning and implementation. But women’s concern must be specified essential to all planning and implementation processes because when women are supported and empowered, all of society benefits.